Studio Legale Padovan is glad to share a concise comparative overview on national intelligence laws applicable to foreign intelligence gathering, i.e. when the state wishes to collect information on foreign targets. To make a justified comparison between such laws, it is critical to also examine whether the respective countries adhere to the rule of law. At first glance, it may seem compelling to compare the wording of different national intelligence laws, and, based on the letter of law, interpret how they would apply in practice. However, such a comparison presupposes a high respect of the rule of law in the countries in question.